Department of Education: What It Is and What It Does


The Department of Education (DOE) is a cabinet-level department of the United States government. The DOE is responsible for overseeing the country’s public education system, including elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities, and vocational training programs.

The DOE’s mission is to “ensure equal access to a high-quality education for all American students.” To achieve this mission, the DOE works to:

  • Improve the quality of teaching and instruction
  • Promote student achievement
  • Increase access to educational opportunities
  • Close the achievement gap between disadvantaged students and their peers

The DOE also provides funding for a variety of educational programs and initiatives, including:

  • Title I: Title I is a federal program that provides funding to schools with high populations of low-income students. The goal of Title I is to help all students meet challenging academic standards.
  • Head Start: Head Start is a federal program that provides early childhood education and support services to low-income families. The goal of Head Start is to help children succeed in school and in life.
  • Special Education: The DOE provides funding to states and local school districts to help them provide special education services to students with disabilities. The goal of special education is to help students with disabilities reach their full potential.

In addition to its funding programs, the DOE also provides a variety of other resources to schools and students, including:

  • Educational research: The DOE conducts and supports educational research to help improve teaching and learning.
  • Curriculum development: The DOE develops and supports curriculum development to help schools ensure that their students are learning the skills and knowledge they need to succeed.
  • Teacher training: The DOE provides funding and support for teacher training programs to help teachers develop the skills they need to be effective.

The DOE is also responsible for enforcing a number of federal education laws, including the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). IDEA is a law that guarantees a free and appropriate public education to all students with disabilities. NCLB is a law that holds schools accountable for the academic achievement of their students.

The DOE plays an important role in the American education system. By overseeing the country’s public education system, providing funding for educational programs, and enforcing federal education laws, the DOE helps to ensure that all students have the opportunity to succeed.


The Department of Education is a vital part of the American education system. It works to improve the quality of teaching and instruction, promote student achievement, increase access to educational opportunities, and close the achievement gap. The DOE also provides funding for a variety of educational programs and initiatives, and it enforces federal education laws. Without the DOE, the American education system would be much weaker.